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Full text of "Pictorial Supplement To Fourth Marine Division Operations Report, Iwo Jima 19 Feb To 16 Mar 1945"

FVO R S W A R D 



The difficulties of adequately describ- 
ing the problems encountered on IWO JIMA in 
the Divisions Operation Report prompted the 
preparation of this Photographic Supplement. 
Its contents are arranged to illustrate ac- 
tivities of the four staff sections. 

The photographs were taken and the sup- 
plement prepared by the Division Intelli- 
gence Section. 



I 




PICTORIAL ^PLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#4157. 1 March, 1945 (D-plus-lO). 
C-47 drops the first mail by parachute on Airfield #1. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3997. 

First mail received at the 24th Regiment Post Office. 

NOTE: Captions refer to the photographs on the photographic sheet 
immediately facing them. Sheet numbers apply both to the 
caption page on which they are found and to the sheet of 
photographs to which the captions apply. 



SHEET NO 1 



UNCLASmf 



' nil , JjMlfl»lWt 




SHEET NO 1 




UPPER PHOTO 

#3511. 15 March, 1945 (D-plus-24 ) . 

Marines of 4th Marine Division Inspect, long rows of grave markers 
In search of familiar names. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3461. 15 March, 1945 (D-plus-24). 

Heads are bared In respect for fallen comrades at cemetery* s 
dedication. 



SHEET NO 2 




i . . . 

FPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPOHT IWO J IMA 



##3035 and 3460. 15 March, 1945 (D-plus-24) . 

The honor guard salutes the dead, then stands at attention as 
the flag is raised over the 4th Marine Division Cemetery. 



SHEET NO 3 



%*js£*saP SHEET NO 




ENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REFORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3634. Target Area 183Y 8 

Rear entrance to an enemy covered artillery position . This posi- 
tion was on the ridge above Beach BLUE 2. The field of fire com- 
mands all east beaches. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3653. Target Area 149B, 

Firing aperture of a reinforced concrete pillbox. Many pillboxes 
of this type were encountered in the Division's zone of action. 




SHEET NO 




TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#4181. 

This blockhouse received eight hits by U. S„ 7„2 inch rockets . 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3003. 

View of a massive communication center with reinforced concrete 
walls four feet thick. 



SHEET NO 5 



•V. 



* 



SHEET NO 5 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



Frontal view of a 120mm coastal defense gun In a blockhouse over- 
looking right flank of BLUE Beaches, This position was completely 
obscured by camouflage in preliminary photographic coverage 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4064 Target Area 147T 
120mm dual purpose gun in an open camouflaged emplacement . 



UPPER PHOTO 



#4141. Target Area 184V „ 



SHEET NO 6 





SHEET NO 6 



ii 





PICTORIAL d OFF CShEh T TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J I MA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3052. Target Area 182U. 
Rear view of a 120mm dual purpose gun In an open emplacement,, 



LOWER PHOTO 

#4132. Target Area 184W D 

Model 38, 75mm field gun in a covered position. Such emplace- 
ments were mutually supporting and well concealed in command, 
ing terrain. 



SHEET NO 7 



ONCLAWH 



SHEET NO 7 





PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3265. Target Area 184A. 

Gasemated position housing a Japanese model 38, 75mm field gun 
Adjacent pillboxes and rifle trenches strengthen the position. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3986. Target Area 201W. 

Partially camouflaged Japanese 47mm anti-tank gun. Alternate 
positions were prepared in many instances. 



SHEET NO 8 



fte ^ SHEET NO 8 




T TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REFORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#4119. Target Area 164E. 

Japanese twin-mount 25mm anti-aircraft guns in revetted dual 
purpose emplacement. Devastating air strikes failed to silence 
many such positions. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3158. Target Area 166C. 

A Japanese 25mm anti-tank, anti-boat gun housed in this pillbox 
presented an obstacle which could be located and knocked out only 
by advancing infantrymen. 



SHEET NO 9 




uLnooll ILu 



^ * ^ |T SHEET NO 9 



UAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3353. Target Area 200Y 

Enemy light tank, model 96, concealed In a deep crevice . From 
such well defiladed positions, enemy tanks covered approaches to 
Hill 382. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3299. Target Area 201N. 

Well camouflaged, model 96, Japanese light tank in an open revet- 
ment. Tanks were in prepared positions on the commanding high 
ground. 



SHEET NO 10 



^ SHEET NO 10 




T TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



LEFT PHOTO RIGHT PHOTO' 

#3361 . Target Area 200Y o #3814. Target Area SOIM. 

Japanese medium tank, model 97, Japanese medium tank, model 97, 

with 47mm gun, entrenched In the with 47mm gun, In a revetted and 

western slope of Hill 382 . The camouflaged position A wrecked 

field of fire includes a large enemy truck is in the background, 
area of Airfield #2. 



SHEET NO 11 



ICLMft 



i ■ ■ 



SHEET NO 11 



J. — - — . 

TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3337. Target Area 183Q. 

320mm spigot mortar emplacement. Firing data indicated BLUE and 
YELLOW Beaches as primary target, with Airfield #1 as alternate 
target. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3221. Target Area 182X. 

320mm spigot mortar emplacement. Note camouflage net and the en. 
trance to small tunnel for personnel during firing. 



SHEET NO 12 

... • * 



mumm 



SHEET NO 12 



+i**<*t*m **m+ SHEET NO 13 




PICTORIAL S 



li^MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3419. 

View of 300mm rocket, nine feet, five inches in length, weigh- 
ing 750 lbs. Disassembled 320mm spigot mortar projectile is also 
shown . 



LOWER PHOTO 

#4250. Target Area 184ft. 

Rocket launching emplacement with rocket motor in the trough. 
Entrance to ammunition storage cave at left center of the photo 
Position prepared to cover eastern beaches and Airfield #1. 



SHEET NO 14 




SHEET NO 14 




TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO J I MA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#4075. Target Area 183N. 

200mm mobile rocket launcher. Initially, these launchers were 
grouped in batteries of four. Each position Included open re- 
vetted firing site and a covered shelter for launcher conceal- 
ment when not firing. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3031. 

View of a breech-loading 200mm mobile rocket launcher. Note 
firing pin mechanism. 



— - UNCLA99H 



SHEET NO 15 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 

UPPER PHOTO 
#3222. Target Area 182X. 
Tunnel leading to a rocket launcher emplacement. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3291, Target Area 20lJ„ 
200mm rocket projectiles with motor attached stored In a cave. 



— UNCLAS6H 



SHEET NO 16 




T TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3843. Target Area 184R. 
Tunnel entrance. Many tunnels had several exits. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3770. Target Area 183Q. 

Concrete entrance to cave and tunnel system. This system was 
800 yds long and had 14 entrances. It housed two battalion CP's. 



SHEET NO 17 



UNCLASW 



SHEET NO 17 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



#4195. Target Area 18SX 
Thie tunnel was used as a hospital. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3250, Target Area 166H, 
Entrance to large cave containing stored grenades. 




UPPER PHOTO 



SHEET NO 18 



UNCLA! 




SHEET NO 18 




'iSSfllSfT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3876. Target Area 184Q. 
Gave entrance to rocket and ammunition storage dump. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4019. Target Area 166B. 
A close-up view of a revetted Japanese rifle pit. 



SHEET NO 19 




SHEET NO 19 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3792. Target Area 1821. 

Enemy communication trench. Such trenches being dug In sand and 
not revetted, soon filled in with the shifting sand. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#4018. Target Area 166G. 

Well concealed ground-level firing port of a pillbox. Airfield #2 
Is in the background. 



SHEET NO 20 



UNCLASH 



SHEET NO 20 



ffitSburiu 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3989 o Target Area 201W 
Thie modern piece of dirt moving equipment was made in JAPAN „ 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4055, 

These prisoners of war were persuaded to come out of the cave 
by Marine interpreters and a previously captured prisoner of 
war o 



SHEET NO 21 



SHEET NO 21 



PICTORIAL SU 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 

UPPER PHOTO 

#4218, 20 February, 1945 (D~plue-l) 

View of destruction and congestion on Beach BLUE 1. Note steep 
terrace adjacent to beach » 



LOWER PHOTO. 
#4020 . 

A terrace on Beach BLUE 2« These terraces were from four to 
ten feet in height, and extended the length of the eastern 
beaches 



SHEET NO 22 





SHEET NO 22 




PICTORIAL SUWLBW»-*re *fWRTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3522. 

View of wreckage strewn BLUE beachee as seen from high ground 
inland from East Boat Basin. Mt. SURIBACHI is in the background 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4244 

View toward the south, from the commanding ground near the 
Quarry, showing men and supplies continuing to land on the 
beaches. Photograph taken from Target Area 183W 



rncimm 



SHEET NO 23 




TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#4311. 

Aerial photograph of the East Boat Basin and the rugged terrain 
inland. The "Amphitheater" and "Turkey Knob," which dominated 
our advance, are visible in the background. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3519. Target Area 183WX. 

View of the ridge and Quarry overlooking the right flank of the 
eastern beaches. A series of concrete emplacements can be seen 
at the top of the ridge. These positions, housing 120mm guns, 
were completely concealed in early photographic coverage. 



SHEET NO 24 1^1 k^JUUL 



SHEET NO 24 



>PLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UFPER PHOTO 
#3104. Target Area 166C 
A well chosen cave entrance in perfect defilade from pur fire 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3105 o 

The rugged area defended by the enemy north of Beach BLUE 2 
at Target Area 166D 



SHEET NO 25 



UHGLASSiaui 



SHEET NO 25 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3962 . 

Our advance to the north was bitterly contested by the enemy 
from emplacements In Hill 382, which appears in the background. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3529. Target Area 183CD. 

"Charlie - Dog Ridge", southwest of Hill 382, dominated our 
advance to the north. 



SHEET NO 26 



ONCLASSIHEl 



'■^mmmim* SHEET NO 26 



.„■„> jiiiLi AKKIMMi 

PICTORIAL SUmlMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3351. Target Area 200Y. 
Demolished radar screen on top of Hill 382. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3358. Target Area 200Y. 

Series of crevices in Hill 382. Note two cave entrances in left 
background. 




SHEET NO 27 



MRH&VJRHi 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#4038. Target Area 200Y. 
Major General Clifton B. Cates views crevice-lined Hill 382. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3350. Target Area 200Y. 
An example of the deep natural crevices in Hill 382. 



SHEET NO 28 




v ' SHEET NO 28 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 

UPPER PHOTO 
#3360. Target Area 200Y o 
Westward view from position on Hill 382, dominating Airfield #2, 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3480. Target Area 200T 

View from Hill 382 toward reinforced concrete communications 
center near Airfield #2„ A Japanese medium tank, model 97, is 
in a revetment in the foreground . 




1 ^^''^0lfi§f 



SHEET NO 29 



*tw&t&M* i*: 1 : _________ 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO J IMA 



i\\ * * * • »r * ; UPPER PHOTO 

U ' V ^ M ' " #3360. Target Area 200Y. 

Westward view from position on Hill 382, dominating Airfield #2 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3480. Target Area 200T. 

View from Hill 382 toward reinforced concrete communications 
center near Airfield #2. A Japanese medium tank, model 97, is 
in a revetment in the foreground 



«... UNCLASSIFIED 



1 




ii illll fliW flCr 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



47mm anti-tank gun was emplaced in this crevice on Hill 382. 
Our tanks assaulting the ridge in the background. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3369. 

Looking southeast from Hill 382 toward "Turkey Knob*. 




UPPER PHOTO 



#3552. Target Area 200T. 



SHEET NO 30 




■V 



SHEET NO 30 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 

UPPER PHOTO 

#4285. Target Areas 183J, 184F 

Aerial view of the "Amphitheater " and "Turkey Knob". Before our 
bombardment, this was covered with heavy vegetation. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3825. Target Area 183J. 

View of the "Amphitheater" looking from southeast to northwest. 
The face of the. "Amphitheater" contained three tiers of deep, 
prepared positions facing our advance. 



SHEET NO 31 



UNC 




SHEET NO 31 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



t « UPPER PHOTO 



#3523, Target Area 183IJ„ 

View of commanding "Amphitheater", overlooking our advance from 
the beaches. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3822. 



A view toward Mt„ SURIBAGHI from the "Amphitheater** „ Our ac- 
tivities were under constant observation by the enemy. 



/ 

— »« UNCLASSlEi 



SHEET NO 32 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J I MA 

UPPER PHOTO 
#3050. Target Area 183*. 
View of shore road leading from the East Boat Basin. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4109. Target Area 1650. 
Difficult rocky terrain near TACHIIWA Point. 



SHEET NO 33 111^1 AjiUD 

. ^ -r, .j? . gr ....... 



SHEET NO 




3!£tf_ias\iti 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



~H7 m^.^^m upper photo 

. , :\ vrn^ Target Areas 184STY > 185KPQUV. 

Aerial view of the volcanic serrations in the last pocket of 
resistance in the Fourth Marine Division zone of action. The 
defiladed areas were honeycombed with caves, tunnels and de- 
fensive positions. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3861o Target Area 184T 
View of rough terrain in the last pocket of resistance 



SHEET NO 34 



■ ;; u m 



SHEET NO 34 



■1 




ENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 

UPPER PHOTO 
#3572. 

Devasted terrain in Target Area 184D. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3926. Target Area 184S. 
Example of terrain of final pocket of enemy resistance. 




SHEET NO 35 



TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3022. Target Area 185K. 
Example of rough terrain of final pocket. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3020. Target Area 184T. 

Example of cave and sniper- infested area of final pocket of 
resistance. 




SHEET NO 36 



9fflRRUl. ttlllil 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3905. Target Area 1840. 

In pre-D-day photographic coverage of this area, dense vegeta- 
tion completely obscured the rocky difficulties of the terrain. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3859, Target Area 184. 
Photograph of front line area taken with a 15- inch lene camera. 




SHEET NO 3? 




I TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT J WO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3014. Target Area 1843. 

Small knoll In the background was the commanding terrain feature 
in the vicinity. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3013. Target Area 184T. 

View of the shell-ravaged terrain in the last pocket of re- 
sistance. 




* . ^ SHEET NO 38 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3895. Target Area 184T. 
Wrecked Japanese truck concealed in a deep crevice. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#3900. Target Area 185P. 

Heavily shelled terrain in the vicinity of a 150mm mortar 
emplacement. 



SHEET NO 39 



1 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



View of the terrain in a deep crevice in the last pocket of 
resistance. Marines advance to high ground. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3015. Target Area 184S. 
Many concealed positions were in this Jagged ridge face. 



UPPER PHOTO 



#3848. Target Area 184T. 



SHEET NO 40 




SHEET NO 40 



PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO JIMA 



LEFT PHOTO 

#3901, Target Area 185P„ 

Charred and burnt earth In fi- 
nal pocket of resistance,, Smoke 
and sulphur fumes reduced visi- 
bility. 



RIGHT PHOTO 

#3927, Target Area 184S„ 

Marines advance up heavily shelled 
corridor,, 



SHEET NO 41 




SHEET NO 41 




*0 FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#4208, 20 February,. 1945 (D-plus-1 ) . 

Shore parties strive to maintain a supply line from Beach YELLOW 1 
Note wreckage and congestion on beach. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#4216. 20 February, 1945 (D-plus-l). 

Men and equipment work together to prepare the way for the landing 
of more combat troops and supplies on Beach YELLOW 2. 




PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT 1 TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J IMA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#4214. 20 February, 1945 (D-plus-l). 

Men and equipment work together to prepare the way for the landing 
of more combat troops and supplies on Beach YELLOW 2. 



LOWER PHOTO 

#4249, 20 February, 1945 (D-plus-l). 

This is Beach BLUE 1 as seen early in the operation. The narrow 
beach road was a life line for all vehicles to routes inland and 
to the combat troops. 



SHEET » « (]]| jlS^MH 



mm.:** SHEET NO 43 




inNn 



U1SIBB11 TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT I WO J I MA 



UPPER PHOTO 

#3401. 24 February, 1945 (D-plus-5). 

Ships and craft of all sizes unload troops and supplies on 
Beach YELLOW 1. Mt SURIBACHI looms in the background. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3918. 

Congested areas of the beaches. Looking southwest. 



SHEET NO 44 



- •» • 



SHEET NO 44 




[ T0 FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 



#3675. 3 March, 1945 (D-plus-12) . 



Beach dumps on Beach BELLOW 1. The enemy aircraft "graveyard" 
on Airfield #1 is in the background. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#4220. 3 March, 1945 (D-plue-12). 
A Division supply dump inland from 1ELL0W Beaches. 



SHEET NO 45 




Jt. v 



SHEET NO 45 



Wjf^^FL - jiflli 

PICTORIAL SUPPLEMENT TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO JIMA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3659. 

Mortar ammunition is dropped by parachute on Airfield #1„ 



LOWER PHOTO 

#5118. 3 March, 1945 (D-plus-12) . 

A hospital receiving tent for casualties. Note bottles of blood 
plasma. 



SHEET NO 46 




TO FOURTH MARINE DIVISION OPERATION REPORT IWO J I MA 



UPPER PHOTO 
#3110 . 

This operating room was formerly the site of a Japanese concrete 
water storage tank. 



LOWER PHOTO 
#3605 » 

Wounded are evacuated by airplane 



SHEET NO 47 



MIQClflflllft 



SHEET NO 47 



\\\\\ 

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